THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES
Advisors to the Nation on Science, Engineering, and
Academy of Sciences is a private, nonprofit, self-perpetuating society
of distinguished scholars engaged in scientific and engineering research,
dedicated to the furtherance of science and technology and to their use
for the general welfare. On the authority of the charter granted to it by
the Congress in 1863, the Academy has a mandate that requires it to advise
the federal government on scientific and technical matters. Dr. Bruce M.
Alberts is president of the National Academy of Sciences.
Academy of Engineering was established in 1964, under the charter of
the National Academy of Sciences, as a parallel organization of
outstanding engineers. It is autonomous in its administration and in the
selection of its members, sharing with the National Academy of Sciences
the responsibility for advising the federal government. The National
Academy of Engineering also sponsors engineering programs aimed at meeting
national needs, encourages education and research, and recognizes the
superior achievements of engineers. Dr. William A. Wulf is president of
the National Academy of Engineering.
The Institute of
Medicine was established in 1970 by the National Academy of Sciences
to secure the services of eminent members of appropriate professions in
the examination of policy matters pertaining to the health of the public.
The Institute acts under the responsibility given to the National Academy
of Sciences by its congressional charter to be an adviser to the federal
government and, on its own initiative, to identify issues of medical care,
research, and education. Dr. Harvey V. Fineberg is president of the
Institute of Medicine.
to NCHRP Program Discussion [
] with Academies Discussion